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What is trauma?

Definition of trauma

Trauma is the response to a deeply distressing or disturbing event that overwhelms an individual’s ability to cope, causes feelings of helplessness, diminishes their sense of self and their ability to feel the full range of emotions and experiences.


Response to a traumatic event varies significantly among people, but there are some basic, common symptoms.

Emotional signs include: sadness, anger, denial, fear, shame and guilt​

These may lead to:

•    Nightmares
•    Insomnia
•    Difficulty with relationships
•    Emotional outbursts
•    Common physical symptoms:
•    Nausea
•    Dizziness
•    Altered sleep patterns
•    Changes in appetite
•    Headaches
•    Gastrointestinal problems

In addition, you may have psychological disorders, which could include:

  • PTSD

  • Depression

  • Anxiety

  • Dissociative disorders

  • Substance abuse problems

Trauma is unique to the individual...

What affects one person might affect another in a completely different way with different outcomes which is why I treat each of my clients as individual cases to be able to provide the most effective treatment and support.

If you are interested to learn more about the techniques I use within my practice, please contact me via or private message me on Facebook at Integral Eye Movement Therapy.

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